What is the Method for learning the Qiraa’aat? | Part 1

Basmalah

The following was taken from the Ahl al-Hadeeth forums; the answers were given by Sh. Waleed Edrees al-Meneesey حفظه الله:

Question:  al-Durrah, al-Shatibiyyah, al-Tayyibah, al-Sughraa, al-Kubraa, Tareeq, al-‘Ashr, al-Shaadhdhah… I have seen these terms repeated often on this website, but have no idea what they all mean.  Is there anyone who can explain these terms briefly?

Answer:  The definitions you are seeking are in fact quite broad but the following is a concise version which will be of benefit.  You can refer to books of the Qiraa’aat for more information.

Tareeq: Every reciter has students who narrate from him and they are referred to as رُوَاة (pl. for رَاوِي).  Every رَاوِي had students as well who narrated from him, and they are referred to as أَصْحَاب الطُّرُق (literally: companions of the paths).  The students of these أصحب الطرق and their subsequent students are also referred to as أصحاب الطرق.  For example, the reciter ‘Aasim had two well-known narrators (راوي) who were Shu’bah and Hafs.  Two well-known students learned from Hafs: ‘Amr and ‘Ubayd.  Two well-known students learned from ‘Amr: al-Feel and Zar’aan, etc.

Then if you came to know that Ibn al-Jazari narrated in his book al-Nashr with his chain of narration, upon the authority of al-Shahrzoori, the author of al-Misbaah who narrated on the authority of al-Hammaami, from al-Waliy, from al-Feel, from ‘Amr, from Hafs, who narrated from ‘Aasim, then you would say:

The recitation (قراءة) of ‘Aasim, the narration (رواية) of Hafs on the authority of ‘Aasim, from the way (طريق) of ‘Amr or al-Feel, or al-Waliy, or al-Hammaami, or al-Misbaah, or al-Nashr.

al-Shatibiyyah: This is the poem written by al-Imam al-Shatibiy, its formal name being: al-Hirz al-Amani wa wajhu al-Tahani.  It is more famously known as al-Shatibiyyah, named after its author.  al-Shatibiy recorded in this poem 7 Qiraa’aat of the Imams:

  1. Naafi’
  2. Ibn Katheer
  3. Abu ‘Amr
  4. Ibn ‘Aamir
  5. ‘Aasim
  6. Hamzah
  7. al-Kisaa’ee

al-Durrah:  This was the poem written by Ibn al-Jazari where he recorded 3 Qiraa’aat more; these Qiraa’aat were for the Imams:

  1. Abu Ja’far
  2. Ya’qoob
  3. Khalaf

This poem actually completed the Shatibiyyah poem, whereby both poems combine between the 10 authentically narrated Qiraa’aat.

al-Tayyibah:  It is the poem written by Ibn al-Jazari whereby he also recorded the 10 Qiraa’aat, but this time he didn’t restrict himself to the ways (طُرُق) that were recorded in Shatibiyyah and Durrah.  He added many more طرق in Tayyibah.

al-‘Ashr:  These are the Qiraa’aat of the 10 Imams:

  1. Naafi’
  2. Ibn Katheer
  3. Abu ‘Amr
  4. Ibn ‘Aamir
  5. ‘Aasim
  6. Hamzah
  7. al-Kisaa’ee
  8. Abu Ja’far
  9. Ya’qoob
  10. Khalaf

al-Sughraa: These are the Qiraa’aat as recorded in Shaatibiyyah and Durrah.

al-Kubraa:  These are the Qiraa’aat as recorded in Tayyibah.  It is called Kubraa here because it includes what was mentioned in Shatibiyyah and Durrah as well as other طرق not mentioned in these two.

al-Shaaddhah: These are the extra Qiraa’aat in addition to the above 10 of the following Imams:

  1. Ibn Muhaysin
  2. al-Hasan al-Basri
  3. Yahya al-Yazeedi
  4. al-A’mash

Continued in Part 2.

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