Usool of the Qiraa’aat | Part 3


This series is a translation of Ustaadhah Amani bint Muhammad ‘Aashoor’s work: الأصول النيرات في القراءات on the Usool of the 10 Qiraa’aat.  It presents the rules of recitation for all of the authentic Qiraa’aat, explanation of their history, common terms used, types of Qiraa’aat, their benefit, and much, much more.  Even if you don’t know what the Qiraa’aat are, you’ll still benefit from this series since it will give you all the information you need to understand and learn the Qiraa’aat, in sha Allah. Part 1 | Part 2

The Statement that the Recitation is a Closely Followed Sunnah

Whatever has been established as sound and authentic upon the authority of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم with regard to the recitation is obligatory to accept.  It is not permissible to reject such a recitation and it is obligatory to have Imaan in it as it is all part of the revelation from Allah.  This is because each Qiraa’ah in relation to the other is as each verse is in relation to other verses: they are all from Allah equally and require from the Muslim that he believe in all of these verses as well as the meanings that are contained within them by way of knowledge and action.  It is not allowed to leave the obligation of one for another, thinking that there is a contradiction (when there isn’t).  ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood رضي الله عنه referred to this when he said:

Do not differ with regard to the Qur’an, nor contest each other over it, for it (the recitation) does not differ, nor does it fall.  Have you not seen that the Law of Islam contained therein is all one; its Hudood and recitation, and the commands of Allah are all one.  If among two Harfs, one of them commands something while the other one prohibits it, this would be an issue of Ikhtilaaf (difference).  However, it has all come together perfectly (each supporting the other, never contradicting each other)…

Statements of the Companions regarding the Obligation of following the Recitation

On the authority of Ibn Mas’ood رضي الله عنه, from ‘Ali رضي الله عنه, who said:

Verily, the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم orders you that every man recites according to how he was taught.

On the authority of Hammad bin Ibrahim who said on the authority of ‘Abdullah (ibn Mas’ood):

Follow (the recitation) and do not innovate because you have been sufficed (from doing so).

On the authority of al-A’mash from Abu Wa’il from ‘Abdullah:

Verily, I have heard the reciters, and I have found them similar to each other (in their recitations), so recite as you have been taught and beware of falling into differences and going into too much depth and being overly fastidious.

On the authority of ‘Urwah bin al-Zubayr who said:

Verily, the recitation of the Qur’an is only a Sunnah of the Sunan, so recite only has you have been taught to recite.

On the authority of Shibil bin ‘Abbad who said:

Ibn Muhaysin and Ibn Katheer used to recite: وأَنُ احكم, أنُ اشكر ، وقالتُ اخرج ، قال ربُّ احكم ، ربُ انصرني and other examples.  So I said to them both, ‘The Arabs did not used to do that (recite highlighted letters in red with a dhammah), and certainly not the scholars of grammar.’  So he said, ‘Grammar has nothing to do with this, and this is how I heard it (recited) from our Imams and whoever passed from the Salaf.’

5 Responses to “Usool of the Qiraa’aat | Part 3”

    • Admin

      In sha Allah we will continue the series soon, bi idhnillah, but it will be with via the Explanation of the Shatibiyyah poem. We suggest you read the introduction of the Shatibiyyah poem thoroughly as this will help you with understanding the way Imam al-Shatibiy explains the Usool for the (7) Qiraa’aat.

  1. Girls' Generation

    ،السلام عليكم ورحمة الله
    ،والصلاة والسلام على محمد رسول الله
    ،بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

    I want to know about the “سناد” who back to the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.
    The one of the Imam of القراءات العشرة ;
    “خلف البزار”.

    Thank you so much, may الله give you, your family/friends/teachers and to all muslimen/muslimat الجنة الفردوس and more.. آمين

    • Admin

      وعليكم السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته
      We apologise for the delay in replying. The “sanad” (or chain of transmission) of Imam Khalaf’s chosen recitation is the following:

      4. Abu al-Hasan Tahir bin Ghalboon
      3. Muhammad bin Yoosuf al-Jaranki
      2. Abu al-Husayn bin Booyaan
      1. Idrees bin ‘Abd al-Kareem

      Imam Khalaf’s narration through Imam Hamzah is through the following 4 ways:

      Sanad #1:
      7. Sulaym
      6. Hamzah
      5. Ja’far al-Saadiq
      4. Muhammad al-Baaqir
      3. Zayn al-‘Abideen bin al-Husayn
      2. al-Husayn
      1. ‘Ali bin Abi Taalib

      Sanad #2:
      6. Sulaym
      5. Hamzah
      4. al-A’mash
      3. Yahya bin Wath-thaab
      2. ‘Ikrimah al-Nakha’i
      1. ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ood

      Sanad #3:
      7. Sulaym
      6. Hamzah
      5. Muhammad bin ‘Abd al-Rahman bin Abi Layla
      4. Abu al-Minhal
      3. Sa’eed bin Jubayr
      2. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbaas
      1. Ubayy bin Ka’b

      Sanad #4:
      5. Sulaym
      4. Hamzah
      3. Humran bin A’yan
      2. Abu al-Aswad al-Du’ali
      1. ‘Uthman bin ‘Affaan

      ‘Uthman bin ‘Affaan, ‘Ali bin Abi Taalib, Ubayy bin Ka’b, Ibn Mas’ood all recited to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم.


Leave a Reply

Basic HTML is allowed. Your email address will not be published.

Subscribe to this comment feed via RSS


Get every new post delivered to your Inbox

Join other followers: