This series is a translation of Ustaadhah Amani bint Muhammad ‘Aashoor’s work: الأصول النيرات في القراءات on the Usool of the 10 Qiraa’aat. It presents the rules of recitation for all of the authentic Qiraa’aat, explanation of their history, common terms used, types of Qiraa’aat, their benefit, and much, much more. Even if you don’t know what the Qiraa’aat are, you’ll still benefit from this series since it will give you all the information you need to understand and learn the Qiraa’aat, in sha Allah. Part 1 | Part 2
The Statement that the Recitation is a Closely Followed Sunnah
Whatever has been established as sound and authentic upon the authority of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم with regard to the recitation is obligatory to accept. It is not permissible to reject such a recitation and it is obligatory to have Imaan in it as it is all part of the revelation from Allah. This is because each Qiraa’ah in relation to the other is as each verse is in relation to other verses: they are all from Allah equally and require from the Muslim that he believe in all of these verses as well as the meanings that are contained within them by way of knowledge and action. It is not allowed to leave the obligation of one for another, thinking that there is a contradiction (when there isn’t). ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood رضي الله عنه referred to this when he said:
Do not differ with regard to the Qur’an, nor contest each other over it, for it (the recitation) does not differ, nor does it fall. Have you not seen that the Law of Islam contained therein is all one; its Hudood and recitation, and the commands of Allah are all one. If among two Harfs, one of them commands something while the other one prohibits it, this would be an issue of Ikhtilaaf (difference). However, it has all come together perfectly (each supporting the other, never contradicting each other)…
Statements of the Companions regarding the Obligation of following the Recitation
On the authority of Ibn Mas’ood رضي الله عنه, from ‘Ali رضي الله عنه, who said:
Verily, the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم orders you that every man recites according to how he was taught.
On the authority of Hammad bin Ibrahim who said on the authority of ‘Abdullah (ibn Mas’ood):
Follow (the recitation) and do not innovate because you have been sufficed (from doing so).
On the authority of al-A’mash from Abu Wa’il from ‘Abdullah:
Verily, I have heard the reciters, and I have found them similar to each other (in their recitations), so recite as you have been taught and beware of falling into differences and going into too much depth and being overly fastidious.
On the authority of ‘Urwah bin al-Zubayr who said:
Verily, the recitation of the Qur’an is only a Sunnah of the Sunan, so recite only has you have been taught to recite.
On the authority of Shibil bin ‘Abbad who said:
Ibn Muhaysin and Ibn Katheer used to recite: وأَنُ احكم, أنُ اشكر ، وقالتُ اخرج ، قال ربُّ احكم ، ربُ انصرني and other examples. So I said to them both, ‘The Arabs did not used to do that (recite highlighted letters in red with a dhammah), and certainly not the scholars of grammar.’ So he said, ‘Grammar has nothing to do with this, and this is how I heard it (recited) from our Imams and whoever passed from the Salaf.’